Keeping balanced and healthy diet is vital for all, however it is particularly important for individuals with diabetes. A type II diabetes diet and following the proper meal strategy tend to make all the distinction to an individual struggling to maintain their blood sugar levels under control. But, what is the proper meal plan? Just how much of which food group should you consume?
How much carbohydrate should you eat?
Carbohydrates are one of the main food groups in a type 2 diabetes diet. They provide fuel for the body in the form of glucose. Glucose is a sugar that’s the main source of energy for all the body’s cells.
Carbohydrates are primarily found in the following food groups:
• Fruits and berry
• Milk and natural yogurt
• Bread, cereal, rice, noodles
• Starchy veggies just like potatoes
The importance of carbohydrate counting
Carbohydrate counting is a technique of meal preparation to maintain track of the amount of total carbohydrates eaten every day.
With counting carbohydrate, you plan your carbohydrate intake depending on what your pre-meal sugar is. This method can be used by anybody and not just by individuals with diabetes which are taking insulin. If you eat much more carbohydrates compared to your insulin may handle, your blood glucose amount increases. If you eat too small, your blood glucose level may drop too low.
Just how much fiber should you eat?
Fiber is the indigestible component of plant foods. Diets rich in soluble fiber can help reduces the risks of overweight, high blood pressure, heart disease, and strokes.
It is advisable for diabetics to eat 25 to 35 grams of fiber daily. As part of type II diabetes diet is to eat more of the following fiber-rich foods:
• Fresh fruits and veggies
• Cooked peas and dried beans
• Cereals, whole grain breads, and crackers
• Brown rice
• Bran products
Fat in a Type II Diabetes Diet plan
Below are some general recommendations for selecting and making low-fat foods for the type 2 diabetes diet:
• Pick lean meats including fish, poultry, and red meats. While preparing these food types, do not fry them. Instead, you can broil, bake, roast, grill, or boil.
• Select low-fat dairy products like skim milk, low-fat cheese, and products made from skim milk.
• Apply low-fat vegetable cooking spray while preparing foods or consider using margarine containing sterols or stanols .
• Try liquid veggie oils that contain monounsaturated fats which can assist lower your ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol.
• Pick lower fat gravies, margarines, and salad dressings and remember to look at the carbohydrate count on dressings as well as condiments.
• All vegetables and fruit are great low-fat options.
A professional dietitian can provide much more info on how to create and select low-fat foods for Type II diabetes diet.